What do surgeons for sports injuries do?

People often get injured while gym training programs or during sports. A cure to such traumas is provided by surgeons for sports injuries who look upon, diagnose and build treatment plans accordingly for fast recovery of the patient. This article elaborates on what an orthopedic surgeon in Lahore specialized specifically in the sports injuries field treat and how he conduct the procedures.

What are sports injuries?

Muscles and bones aid in body movement so they need to be strong. Outdoor games and strengthening exercises help to keep the musculoskeletal system in proper functioning. When we are engaged in sports or exercising our muscles mishaps may occur in response to overtraining, ignoring preventive measures, or because of unsuitable posture or technique adopted. Muscles could tear, ligaments or tendons may get sprain or strain, and bones could fracture due to sports injuries. Nature of injuries range from slight to severe and treated subsequently.

Diagnostic procedures

Surgeons for sports injuries examine patients physically then through scanning tests for internal evaluation. Depending on the extent of damage first aid is provided instantly to prevent complications. Surgeons may look for visible signs like bruises, cut or deformities, test range of motion through assisted and non-assisted joint movement. Discussion is made with a patient over health history and pattern of pain. Internal derivations made over scanning visuals attained by x-rays, MRI or CT-scan.

Ailments treated by sports injury surgeon

Some major conditions treated by sports injury surgeon are:

Pulled muscles

Overstretching or tearing to muscles brings about this condition, a common issue among sportsmen. It is also known as muscles strain which causes pain, swelling, inability to move the affected part, and weakness. Minor pulls can be treated through rest, icing, compression and elevation. However, severe cases may need surgical repairs by sports injury surgeons.

Torn ACL and MCL

Stopping or changing direction suddenly while running and walking could cause a tear to the anterior cruciate ligament. It grips the components of the knee joint providing the required stability to function properly. A pop sound is heard or felt at the instance ACL tears, the knee becomes unstable and loses proper functionality. Torn ACL is surgically reconstructed using a tendon graft.

The injury that occurs to a medial collateral ligament or MCL could affect knee joint stability. It’s a ligament, connecting the bone of the upper leg to the lower leg passing through the knee. A direct hit to the knee or pushing away of the knee while moving in a wrong position brings about an MCL tear. Swelling, pain and joint instability are major symptoms.

Shin splints

Repetitive use of a lower leg causes inflammation of muscles and tendons associated with tibia heading to shin splints which initiate stabbing pain in the lower leg. Surgeons for sports injuries provide surgical and non-surgical treatment to cure such concerns.

Stress fractures

When muscles get weak and bones have to bear pressure due to a sudden increase in activity stress fractures occur. Feet and lower legs are much susceptible to such injuries. Sportsmen are advised to take precautionary measures while sports.

Plantar fasciitis

The plantar fascia is a thick band of ligaments connecting the heel bone to toes, inflammation to this brings about a condition known as plantar fasciitis which causes heel ache. Very common among people with high arch feet, using foot muscles repeatedly or having an athletic activity.

Sprained ankles

Overstretching of joint supporting ligaments sprain the ankle. This condition arises while sports or any other activity where the foot is twisted rolled or landed over an uneven surface wrongly.

Tennis elbow

Sports where arm or elbow is used most frequently like in tennis or activities like painting, plumbing etc. could give way to tennis elbow. Tendons in the elbow are inflamed due to tears causing pain and weakening grip over things.

Low back pain

Lifting heavy weights or repetitive use of back muscles like while playing golf sources back pain which could be mild to severe and treated accordingly.

Hip bursitis

The hip joint consists of two kinds of bursae which may get inflamed due to cycling, running or activities involving hip movement repeatedly. The joint becomes stiff and painful especially at night symptoms intensifies.

Concussion

It’s a brain trauma that occurs as the brain is shaken inside the skull because of hard contact or hit to the head. Contact sports like basketball or football could put a person at the stake of having a concussion. Headache, nausea, sleepiness, unconsciousness, and vomiting are major symptoms.

Conclusion

One must observe preventive measures while exercising or in sports. An orthopedic surgeon in Lahore can direct precautionary measures to take for keeping such concerns at bay. Warm up the body, use a brace or elastic compression band if you have previously observed sprain or strain, and be aware of using protective gadgets before sports. Gradually elevate the duration and intensity of exercise so muscles can adapt to changes, abrupt variations could be fatal. Back off if pain arises, you feel stressed out, or your body gets overheated this will reduce the risk of injury.

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