Horizontal vs. Backbone Cabling – All You Need To Know

Numerous types of cabling are utilized to establish a smooth, efficient and functional network. Horizontal and backbone cabling are the literal backbones of the telecommunication network. The two types of cabling are different and have varied purposes too, but complement each other to establish the overall network.

Horizontal cabling is exactly what the name suggests and forms the horizontal structure of cabling. On the other hand, backbone cabling is used to establish the vertical structure of cables and establish the network. It is crucial to learn about the highlight and differences of both to ensure there is no issue or hindrance in the network.

Give a detailed read to this article to learn and explore all you need to know about horizontal and backbone cabling and ensure to utilize them efficiently.

Top 3 Highlights of Horizontal Cabling

Horizontal cabling is one of the most crucial parts of every structured cabling system. You cannot enjoy and secure a smooth and efficient network without ensuring its proper installation. Horizontal cabling does not mean you can install cables and develop a network anywhere, but you have to follow a proper design and setup. Learning about the basics or highlights of horizontal cabling can help you ensure better connectivity and setup.

Here are some of the major highlights of horizontal cabling you should be aware of.

1. Connects Telecommunication Room to Outlets

The most important detail you should know about horizontal cabling is it connects the telecommunication room to the outlets. It offers an enclosure or connection to the equipment from the outlet to the main area of work or usage. It ensures all the devices and workstations are well-connected to function efficiently. Ensuring smooth network connectivity is too critical, which is why many people hire structured cabling companies in Dubai and enjoy an efficient setup.

2. Limited to the Same Floor

One of the most notable points about horizontal cabling is that it is limited to the same floor and not extended to multiple floors. This type of cabling is meant to establish a connection between equipment and the outlet device. The network can develop issues if it is stretched more. Moreover, the network can also become complicated if you ignore all the measures and try to extend horizontal cabling to multiple floors. So stick to the standards to enjoy a better quality connection.

3. Should Be Strong

Another significant highlight and detail about horizontal cabling is that it should be strong. The same floor network can also face connectivity issues if the cabling style is not strong. Moreover, the horizontal cabling must pass the fire rating specifications to ensure it will not expose the building to fire risk. Even if a fire erupts somehow, the cable should not serve as fuel. So, make sure it is strong enough to resist the danger and limit the damage.

Top 3 Highlights of Backbone Cabling

Apart from the apparent cabling in any building or setup, there is backbone cabling which is often behind the walls. It establishes the basic structure and skeleton of the cable network, which further transports the connection to the network devices. A little issue or hindrance in backbone cabling can disrupt the whole network. Therefore, you must be well aware of its purpose and functionality to utilize it efficiently.

Here are some of the major highlights of backbone you should know to put it to better use.

1. Connects Facilities and Equipment Room

The basic highlight of backbone cabling is that it connects the facilities and the equipment rooms. This type of cable is specifically used to connect various types of spaces. The most common of them are the telecommunication rooms, equipment rooms, entrance facilities, and even whole buildings. The backbone cabling develops the basic skeleton of the network, from where the horizontal cabling takes over to connect the devices.

2. Runs between Floors

The next highlight of the backbone cabling is that it runs between the floors. Unlike horizontal cabling, it is not restricted or limited to a single floor. Instead, it establishes a network of cables through multiple floors. It can be used for inter-building as well as for intra-building connectivity, according to the need and requirements. For the intra-building connectivity, the backbone cabling might be limited to IT rooms.

3. Should Have Higher Bandwidth

The last and most crucial detail you need to know about backbone cabling is it should have higher bandwidth. The cables will be stretched from one floor to the other. With poor or limited bandwidth, they will not offer smooth connectivity. It will lead to numerous other issues and hinder productivity. This is why higher bandwidth is essential. You can also hire structured cabling companies in Dubai to fix all the issues in installation and enjoy a smooth connection.

Is your horizontal and backbone cabling installation perfect?

You can ensure and enjoy a smooth network with a perfect installation. However, if you are facing an issue with the network, it might be due to poor installation. Contact and consult professionals system integration companies to ensure proper cable planning and installation and enjoy the perfect network for years to come.


Louis Rolen as content writer, He developed and won millions of hearts with writing skills in various area's like business, Technology, event and entertainment, currently he is working on different brands like telecommunication trends and technologies.

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